anubis; the egyptian god of mummification and the afterlife. depicted as a jackal-headed protector of graves and an embalmer, he also had a role as lord of the underworld until he was replaced by osiris during the middle kingdom. despite being one of the most frequently mentioned gods, he played almost no role in egyptian myths, but is most known for attending the scales during ‘the weighing of the heart’ in which he weighed a person’s heart against ma’at, or truth (who was often represented by a feather). hearts heavier than this feather were devoured, and souls whose hearts were lighter could continue on into the next world.
the word ‘anubis’ itself is actually a greek rendering of the god’s egyptian name. his name in hieroglyphs was composed of the sound ‘inpw’, which was vocalized as ‘anapa’.